Explore these tabs to learn more about UMA’s Information & Library Science program.

Degree Offerings

UMA’s unique program allows students to enroll for classes and work toward a Certificate, Associate or Bachelor degree. Each of these program offerings build into each other so that students may start with the Certificate, and upon completion then work toward the Associates, and then the Bachelor’s applying their classes toward the next level.

Students may begin taking ILS courses before applying to the university. In fact, if a student has never taken an online course, we recommend they take a couple of courses before applying to make sure that the student can be successful in an online environment.

The ILS Certificate Program provides course work that offers the practical skills for entry-level employment as support staff in information centers and libraries (academic, special, school, and public) working for professional librarians. This certificate program also offers persons with previously earned college-level courses the knowledge to work as a paraprofessional in a library/information center.

This ILS Associate Degree Program prepares individuals for immediate entry into positions which support library and information service professionals; to upgrade skills of staff who are presently working in school, public, academic, and special libraries and in other information-intensive positions and organizations. The program will prepare students for a career as a library and information services assistant. Students will examine policies and issues related to libraries, library careers, and the library profession.

Degree Requirements

The Associate of Science is 64 hours of credit work to include the following requirements.

The Bachelor of Science in Information and Library Science provides students an opportunity to develop technological skills, attain a broad liberal arts education, and increase creative and critical thinking abilities for employment in libraries and information centers. It is the natural extension of the Associate of Science in ILS offered by UMA. Students with the Bachelor’s degree will be prepared to enter the field of library and information technology as specialized paraprofessionals, able to work independently in many employment settings. Library support staff and technicians currently employed in school and public libraries can advance themselves professionally and fiscally by pursuing the B.S. in ILS. The B.S. degree also prepares students for further study in Information and Library Science at the Graduate level.

Entrance Requirements

To be admitted to the Bachelor of Science degree, either Option 1 or Option 2 must be met. If neither is possible, all students will follow Option 3.

  • Option 1: successful completion of 30 credits from an accredited institution with a GPA of at least 2.50
  • Option 2: SATs of 1,000 combined points
  • Option 3: Students who do not meet either of the first two criteria will be required to enter into the A.S. degree program. After successfully completing 30 credits, students may transfer into the B.S. degree.

Degree Requirements

The Bachelor of Science is 120 hours of credit work to include the following program requirements.

Additionally, as part of the ILS 499 Senior Capstone Course, students are required to do an internship consisting of 120 hours on-site at a library under the supervision of an MLS librarian. While many of our students have extensive backgrounds in ILS, the internship is still required and many students find this a great opportunity to explore a new area of library science they have not been able to experience.

Students are encouraged to contact the coordinator for additional information.

Department Policies

The ILS program faculty have approved and reviewed the following policies (2016).

Internet Access for Students

Access to the internet is required in ALL Information Library Service classes; high-speed internet access is STRONGLY recommended. Students are expected to have daily access via a computer to the internet and email, in order to access class, receive updates, additions and obtain other course-related information. All students at UMA are required to obtain an @maine.edu email account and to check it regularly for official university communications. Help on email accounts can be found at mail.maine.edu

Student Employability and Volunteering

Formal or informal experience (volunteering) in a library information agency is extremely important in the ILS field. All students who have not worked in a library should consider volunteering not only to reinforce their classroom learning, but to network, and to gain practical experience in the field, or specialty area they plan to work in. This will especially help students in preparing for their senior capstone requirement of 60/AS or 120 BS hours on site in a library. The ILS Program shares information from local organizations looking for ILS volunteers or willing to be hosts for Senior Capstone ILS 299/499 opportunities.

ILS Program Course Grade Requirements

As noted on the ILS program checksheets, ILS students must achieve a 2.0 overall GPA for ALL ILS program requirements and each ILS class must be passed with C (2.0) or higher. This means that an ILS student earning a grade of C- or lower for an ILS class must re-take that course to earn ILS program credit.

Assessment of Prior Learning (portfolio for credit)

Students can earn credit for some of our introductory classes (100-level)through a portfolio process. The portfolio information is available online. To pursue this, you would need to contact advising at 207 621-3149 or 1-888-UMA-1234 and ask for extension 3149. It is also important to talk with Jodi Kosakowski, ILS Program Coordinator. Knowing the employment history of a student can assist in determining what classes might be the best for demonstrating proficiency through the portfolio process. Typically this process is only recommended for students who have worked in libraries for 5+ years full time.

Special needs

If you need special accommodations and have NOT spoken with our Student Support and Development department, please contact them: Learning Support Services. Any student with long-term or short-term special-needs should first contact Learning Support Services after reviewing accommodation information.

APA Citation Format

It is expected that students will use the APA format for citing resources in their papers. Research and writing guidelines can be found at the following sites or refer to the APA manual:

  • APA Sample Documentation/OWL Online Writing Lab The field of Library and Information Science predominantly uses the APA (American Psychological Association) citation style. Therefore that will be the style for all papers submitted for course work. The APA Publication Manual is available from most bookstores. This website contains some examples of APA style references.

Incomplete Policy

To request an incomplete, please fill out the following Request for Incomplete FORM
Students must be logged into their UMA gmail account to access this form.

ILS Program Incomplete Policy: A student may initiate a request for an incomplete grade in the event that extenuating circumstances (documentation may be required) prevents completion of the course. Assignment of the incomplete grade is at the discretion of the instructor. The following criteria must be met before an incomplete grade will be assigned, exceptions may be made through the sole discretion of the faculty member:

  • The student has attended a majority of course meetings and completed a majority of the coursework requirements (approximately 75%).
  • The student must be passing the course at the time of the incomplete request.
  • All remaining work must be completed by a date mutually agreed upon by the student and the instructor (the due date may only be revised by explicit permission of the instructor).
  • The request for incomplete must be submitted via this form and approved by the instructor and the student, and a copy submitted to the ILS Office. (electronic signatures/submission acceptable).
  • The student shall not re-register for the course while completing the remaining work.
  • Any changes to this agreement (e.g. extension of due date) must be submitted on a subsequent form.
  • If the remaining work is not completed at the conclusion of the next term, the “I” reverts to the grade of “F.” In rare exceptions and at the sole discretion of the faculty member, a grade to date may be submitted in lieu of the “F.”


ILS Course Grade Requirement

As noted on the ILS program checksheets, ILS students must pass all ILS courses with a C (2.0) or higher. This means that an ILS student earning a grade of C- or lower must re-take that course to earn ILS program credit.

ILS Program Consistent Grading Scale

All UMA ILS courses use the following point scale for calculating final letter grades: effective Spring 2013.

Letter Grade Grade Point Averages *ILS Grading Scale
A 4.00 93-100
A- 3.67 90-92.99
B+ 3.33 87-89.99
B 3.00 83-86.99
B- 2.67 80-82.99
C+ 2.33 77-79.99
C 2.00 73-76.99
C- 1.67 70-72.99
D+ 1.33 67-69.99
D 1.00 63-66.99
D- 0.67 60-62.99
F 0.00 0-59.99
L 0.00
WF 0.00

Any questions about any ILS department policies should be addressed to Dr. J Kosakowski at lnitcoord@maine.edu

Course Descriptions

Courses are subject to change. View the official UMA Catalog here

An overview of the history and development of libraries and librarianship as a profession is presented, covering the philosophy, professional associations, state and national certification processes and career opportunities in the library and information fields. Additionally, current issues in librarianship will be explored. Contact with career mentors will be encouraged. CR 3
(Offered: Fall, Spring and Summer.)

This course introduces the fundamental concepts of library information science as they apply to library and other information agencies. Topics include information ethics, policies, information needs & seeking behaviors, technology, and the impact of information on cultures and societies. ILS 100. CR 3
(Offered: Fall, Spring and Summer.)

An introduction to the research process and methods for retrieving information from a library or through online sources. This course will be a sequence of steps focusing on the following areas; a) getting started-developing a research question. b) developing search strategies and techniques. c) using electronic and print resources. d) evaluating information to best determine what meets research needs, and e) properly citing these sources. CR 1
(Offered: Fall, Spring and Summer.)

This course provides introductory knowledge and skills using general and specialized reference tools. An introduction to basic database and online searching emphasizing regionally available resources is included. Travel to cooperating libraries required for some assignments. Prerequisite: ILS 100, ILS 101, and ENG 101. CR 3
(Offered: Fall and Spring.)

This course covers the cataloging and classification of book and non-book materials. Instruction and practice are given in bibliographic searching and descriptive and subject cataloging, as well as an introduction to the processes of technical services departments in library information agencies. Some trips to a local library are required. Prerequisite: ILS 100 CR 3
(Offered: Fall, Spring and Summer.)

This course will teach the basics for servicing teens, age 12-18 in a public school library setting. Topics covered include adolescent development, programming, collection development, dedicated space, youth participation, technology, and other aspects of library services for young adults. The class will also read and discuss various books for a teen audience. Prerequisite: ILS 100 CR 3
(Offered: Fall)

This course will cover the how to select and evaluate materials for children from birth through age 12. Students will learn about materials that meet children’s interest and needs at a variety of developmental stages. Additionally, we will cover programming, collection development, the use of technology and other aspects of services and materials for children. Attention is paid to methods for connecting children to materials and services available in modern libraries. Prerequisite: ILS 100 and ILS 109, which can be taken concurrently.
(Offered: Spring.)

A readers’ advisory service guides patrons to fiction and non-fiction recreational reading. This course explores the readers’ advisory service, its origins, and current uses. Students will examine and evaluate major genre styles, authors, advisory reference tools, classification, and cataloging. Students will explore making RA services a vital part of the library through displays, programs, and aiding special populations. This course requires extensive reading and writing. CR 3.
(Offered: Fall.)

This course will introduce the student to current library technologies and related issues. It includes an in-depth exploration of technology systems, policies, ethics, and practices as well as the importance of staying current with the latest trends in the information and library services field. Prerequisite: ILS 100 or permission of program coordinator. CR 3
(Offered: Fall and Summer.)

This course examines how libraries build and maintain collections to meet user needs for libraries and information centers. It also teaches practical skills for selecting information resources appropriate for given audiences. Topics include the principles and practices for the selection of materials, needs assessment, collection evaluation, collection policies, producers of materials, government information, fiscal management, weeding, budgeting and censorship. Prerequisite: ILS 100 or permission of program coordinator. CR 3
(Offered: Fall and Spring.)

The Library Assistant Practicum provides on-the-job experience under the supervision of professionally prepared librarians. Students, in collaboration with the Practicum Supervisor, will prepare a proposal for the practicum including approved learning objectives for the 80 hour work experience that will significantly advance the students’ learning. The Practicum will include an orientation to the library or organization, experience in one or more functional areas as appropriate to student interests, and specialized individual projects including a report for the Practicum Supervisor and the Program Coordinator. It is expected that the candidates will have successfully completed all the required program courses and had a practicum proposal approved prior to placement for the practicum. This course includes occasional seminars with other students and guest speakers. Limited to Degree and Certificate Candidates. CR 4
(Offered: Fall.)

This course explores the teaching function of the school librarian in depth, by examining current trends of the librarian as teacher, and exploring appropriate teaching methods with regard to curriculum, instruction and assessment Student will develop and explore best methods for implementation of lesson and unit plans as well as collaborative theory with teachers. CR 3. (This course can be used as an LIB elective, please see your advisor for options.)
(Offered: Summer.)

An introductory course in evaluating and preserving print materials. Each student will have several conservation projects to work on over the semester. In addition to print materials preservation, this course covers preservation of technology-based materials. Prerequisite: ILS 101. CR 3
(Offered: Spring.)

This course will explore the ever-changing nature of the services and issues in digital libraries and library technology applications. It includes an in-depth exploration of web-based services, social and physical networking, library automation and the development and implementation of technology plans. Prerequisite: ILS 225 or permission of the Program Coordinator. CR 3
(Offered: Spring.)

This course will build upon the introductory reference class to cover reference materials and services for patrons. It includes an in-depth exploration of the role of teaching, information literacy and the research process, policies, building print and electronic collections, the reference interview, information seeking behavior, evaluation of reference services, outreach, marketing, the use of advanced web and social technologies, and reference space design. This course will also address current trends in reference services and discuss different means for staying current in the information and library services fields. Prerequisites ILS 150 and ILS 250.
(Offered: Fall & Spring.)

This course includes theoretical and practical methods with hands-on applications in creating a web site for a specific library information agency or an approved alternate agency. Students will work semester long to design a web site through the use of HTML tagging and a web editing program. Basic web design principles as well as human computer interaction concepts will be discussed. This course also includes an in-depth exploration of usability issues, evaluation techniques, policies and procedures, web site maintenance, presentation of information for the web and different approaches for evaluating online content. Prerequisites: CIS 100 and ILS 150.
(Offered: Fall and Summer.)

Through a hands-on approach, this three-credit course explores many production platforms for creating educational and promotional materials in library and information centers. This methods course also explores the role of production with a focus on theoretical, pedagogical and technological considerations. Students will be required to creatively engage with a range of applications from the traditional (bulletin boards, posters and mailers), to social technologies (wiki, media and blogs). Portfolio-quality projects will be generated. CR 3
(Offered: Fall.)

This course explores the creative side of the library career market, utilizing the new technologies that are available to library professionals in order to make careers in the free enterprise system possible. Establishing a business plan and learning how to market oneself in the information age will be part of the class. Each student will create a business plan that shows how to merge the information age with the business community. (Students interested in this as a career option will be encouraged to take small business courses for their electives.) Prerequisite: ILS 150. CR 3
(Offered: Summer.)

Supervising staff, managing budgets, reporting to boards, public relations, promoting services, ADA regulations and managing all of the technologies in today’s library comprise the course content. Prerequisite: ILS 250. CR 3
(Offered: Fall.)

This course will prepare students about the importance of a global approach to library services whether locally or in the larger international community. Global library educational programs, volunteerism and other opportunities will be explored in depth. Additionally, the course will study various organizations, foundations and initiatives supporting access to information resources in developing countries and those populations considered a part of the ‘Digital Divide.’ The student will be expected to prepare a well-researched and documented case study of library services, practices and issues from a selected country as a culmination to the course. Prerequisite: ENG 101, all 100 & 200 level ILS classes or permission of the instructor.
(Offered: Fall.)

The library practicum (120 hours onsite) is designed to provide on-the-job experience under the supervision of a professional librarian in a library or other information agency setting. This course will allow students to utilize the skills, knowledge, and library-related values acquired during their course of study leading to the bachelor’s degree. If students have taken ILS 299, OR they have more than 10 years full-time experience in a library* they can request an alternate project (an original research or a hybrid research/internship project). Students who have never worked in a library or have not taken ILS 299, must opt for the practicum option. Prerequisites: senior standing in the ILS program. 6 credits.

* For this option students may need to submit a resume documenting work experience, and/or a letter of recommendation from a supervisor or acceptable peer in the lLS field who can attest to your abilities, knowledge and skills as it pertains to libraries.

(Offered: Fall & Spring)

Senior Capstone

While many of our students have experience working in various library and information agency settings, we believe that building upon that experience through a capstone experience is essential in helping our students continue to be the best information professionals. Our students demonstrate, in their capstone experiences, that it truly is what you DO with your education that matters.

ILS students undertake internships that

  • compliment and combine their backgrounds,
  • challenge and expand their skill sets, and
  • test and expound upon their knowledge.

From small and large local public libraries around Maine (Portland Public Library, Maine State Library, Kennebec Historical Society, Colby College) and the US, to large unique academic and specialized libraries(The National Archives, PBS, US Naval Academy, New York Times), our ILS students are doing it all! UMA students have even interned internationally in England, Pohnpei, St. Kitts and West Africa.

Students in the ILS program are required to complete either a practicum or internship (AS/BS) or an advanced research project (BS only). Both of these options have strict guidelines in order to qualify for one or the other and for their successful completion (see below). As the ILS program is available to students around the United States and Internationally, our students typically complete the Senior Capstone course right within their local community. This experience and successful completion of the course is an opportunity for students to demonstrate to the ILS Faculty and to UMA they have earned the honor of graduating from the ILS program and met the degree requirements at the University of Maine at Augusta. MOST importantly, it is an opportunity to learn with various local library & information science professionals and in turn, an opportunity for a student to share their ILS skills and knowledge in a practical meaningful way.


Degree Course Pathway Requirements
AS in ILS ILS 299 80 hours on-site. Required.
BS in ILS ILS 499 Practicum 120 hours on-site. Required, if student has less than 10 years full-time working experience in a library information agency.
BS in ILS ILS 499 Advanced Research 40 page original research paper & presentation. Optional if a student has taken ILS 299 or has 10+ years working full-time in a library information agency setting (documentation may be required).
BS in ILS ILS 499 Hybrid 60 hours on-site, 20 page accompanying research paper. Optional, if a student has taken ILS 299 or has 10+ years working full-time in a library information agency setting (documentation may be required).

The experience, the supervisor evaluation, and the demonstration of the skills you have learned from your ILS and general education requirements in presentation format of a final report and a program portfolio are typically evaluated by members of the ILS Faculty, shared with the Dean, and an MLS-Degreed Librarian in the field.

Forms and Resources for Getting Started

The following forms must be submitted a few weeks before the semester in which you are enrolled in the Capstone course begins. More information and necessary tasks are outlined in detail on the BlackBoard course when the semester begins.

Students MUST contact Jodi before their prospective site supervisor meeting.


  1. Examples of ILS Internships
  2. Internship Overview/Outcomes: 299&499 (PDF)
  3. Sample email to a prospective library (DOC)
  4. Site Supervisor Letter (PDF)
  5. Site Supervisor Checklist: Responsibilities (PDF)
  6. Project Ideas (DOC)
  7. Evaluation by Site Supervisor (PDF) – will be filled out online by the Site Supervisor at the end of the term, but can be given to the site supervisor at the beginning of the semester so they understand the evaluation criteria.


  1. Student Information (online form)*
  2. Operations and Skills Checklist (online form)*
  3. Site Supervisor Approval (DOC)
  4. Internship Contract (DOC)

*students MUST be logged in with their @maine.edu account – the same credentials used for BlackBoard.

These forms can be used for both the 299 and the 499. The primary difference between the two practicums is the number of required hours AS=80 BS=120 hours onsite.

Information updated 2/15/19

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of Library and Information Services programs should be able to:

To provide students with competencies necessary to perform effectively, both in a supporting role and independently within library and information service settings, in the following areas:

  1. Demonstrated Knowledge of Foundational Principles
  2. Selecting and Evaluating Information
  3. Organizing Representing Different Forms of Information
  4. Analyzing & Responding to Information Inquiries
  5. Teaching about Information & Related Sources
  6. Managing Information and Services
  7. Assessing and Using Technology
  8. Engaging & Advocating in the Community

To enable students to attain a broad liberal arts education and prepare them to continue their education in a variety of fields by requiring courses and reinforcing those core skills and competencies in the following areas:

  1. Writing skills in multiple media and formats
  2. Oral and written communication skills.
  3. Quantitative skills, stressing mathematical foundations and use of logic.
  4. Scientific inquiry, understanding the natural world through systematic observations and analytic reasoning.
  5. Social Sciences with a focus upon social behavior
  6. Humanities, including history, philosophy and literature
  7. Fine arts, recognition, understanding, and appreciation of the arts
  8. Interdisciplinary approach to critical thinking and writing
  9. Information and computer literacy.

(These outcomes are elaborated and broken out further for both the AS and BS, please contact the ILS coordinator for more information.)

*Students enrolled in an academic program which requires an internship as a part of the curriculum requirements must know that certain states do not allow students enrolled in an out-of-state university to participate in an internship within their state borders. If you reside outside the State of Maine, or wish to do an internship outside of Maine, please contact your faculty advisor or the UMA Advising Office to be sure that your state of domicile allows you to perform an internship sponsored by UMA, or your program has an alternate capstone option. The list of reciprocal states changes frequently. It is incumbent upon students to understand their home state’s policies as UMA must work within the legal framework of that states’ regulations.